Super abstract of scientific papers
The equatorial Atlantic Ocean, the Romanche Deep, at 7.500 meters:
Vegetable remains twigs, nuts, and bark fragments of dicotyledonous bushes or trees and layers of sand in core sediments. Pettersson, 1954 (3)
The Mid-Atlantic Ridge:
The discovery of “beach like terraces” beneath two miles of ocean water. This sand found deep beneath the ocean must have been located on a beach.
Granite and sedimentary rocks which originally must have been part of a continent were abundant. Ewing, 1949 (6). This type of rock indicates “possible sunken land masses”. Heezen, Tharp & Ewing, 1959 (8)
Continental material (sial) in the mid-Atlantic. De Camp, 1970 (9)
Flat-topped Seamount Atlantis:
“The state of lithification of the limestone suggests that it may have been lithified under subaerial conditions and that the seamount may have been an island within the past 12,000 years.” Heezen, Ewing, Ericson & Bentley, 1954 (10)
The Atlantic Ocean:
Unexpected presence of many fresh-water diatoms in certain cores taken by the Albatross parallel to the coastline of Equatorial West Africa at a great distance off the coast (c. 900 km).
Objects of nonoceanic origin: silicified epidermal cells belonging to terrestrial plants (Cyperaceae and Graminear) in many cores.
Science, vol. 126, p. 1053-54. Kolbe 1957, (14)
Sand beaches and coral at depths of 2 miles south of the Azores.
Fresh water diatoms have been found 2 miles down in the Azores area dated 10,000 to 12,000 BC.
Zhirov 1970, (19).
Ashes from volcanic eruptions usually stay in the same hemisphere as the erupting volcano. Only if the volcanic activity is happening close to the equator or is unusually forceful the sulphuric acid (SO4) from it will show in the ice cores in both hemispheres. Such an extraordinary forceful volcanic activity must have happened in the years 14063 to 14073 as we find high values of SO4 in the cores from the Antarctic as well as those from Greenland.
History / Culture
The classical philosopher and writer Plato (427 BC-347 BC) has described an oral account in detail about a big island in the Atlantic that disappeared in just one night.
The Greek Historian Herodotus (c.484 BC – c.425 BC), living before Plato writes in Greek about the Atlantic Ocean, which he calls the Atlantis Sea.
This fact disproves the theory that Plato himself invented the story.
After Plato died many classical writers have mentioned a disappeared island empire in the Atlantic, among others Aelian in “Varia Historia”, 3 chapter18, Proclus, Greek philosopher, Marcellus, Roman consul, Diodorus Siculus, Greek historian (see above), besides Crantor, Plutarch, Pausanias, Theophrastus of Lesbos, Theopompus of Chios, Timagenes, and Aelianus..
Common features in the cultures on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean indicate a common origin coming from the middle of the Atlantic. Most obvious common features: Pyramids – flood and deluge legends – languages – words – human types – animal and plant life.
(1) Piggot, Charles S., “Core samples of the ocean bottom,” Smithsonian Report for 1936, No. 944, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, p. 207-16, 1937.
(2) Pettersson, Hans, “Atlantis och Atlanten”, Albert Bonniers förlag, Stockholm, 1944.
(3) Pettersson, Hans: “The Ocean Floor”, p. 95-97. Yale University Press, New haven, 1954.
(4) Mellis, Otto: “Die Sedimentation in der Romanche-Tiefe (Ein Beitrag zur Erklärung der Entstehung des Tiefseesandes in Atlantischen Ozean)“, Geologische Rundschau“, 1958, p. 218-234.
(5) Ewing, Maurice: “Exploring the Mid-Atlantic Ridge,” The National Geographic Magazine, Vol. xciv, No. 3, September 1948.
(6) M. Ewing: “New discoveries on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge”, National Geographic Magazine, vol. xcvi, no 5, November 1949, p. 611-640.
(7) Miller, J. P. & Scholten, R: “Ocean, Lakes, and Shoreline Features,” Laboratory Studies in Geology, No. 225, 1966.
(8) Heezen, B.C., Tharp, M., Ewing, M: “The North Atlantic”, Washington D.C., 1959.
(9) de Camp, L. Sprague: “Lost Continents,” Dover Publications Inc., New York, 1970.
(10) Ocean Bottom Investigations and their Bearings on Geology. Geologiska Föreningen, Stockholm. March/April 1957.
(11) Zhirov: “Atlantis,” Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1970.
(12) B.C. Heezen, M. Ewing, D.B. Ericson & C.R. Bentley: “Flat-topped Atlantis, Cruiser, and Great Meteor Seamounts” (abstract), Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol. 65, 2, 1954, p. 1261.
(13) Charles Hapgood: “Path of the Pole”, 1958, 1970, 1999, p. 241-242. Adventures Unlimited Press, USA.
(14) T.M. Alves, T. Cunha, S. Buriak, A. Volkonskaya, J.H. Monteiro, M. Ivanov:
“Surveying the flanks of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: The Atlantis Basin, North Atlantic Ocean (36ºN)”, Marine Geology 209, 2004, p. 206.
(15) Marc-André Gutscher: “Destruction of Atlantis by a great earthquake and tsunami? A geological analysis of the Spartel Bank hypothesis.” Geology, vol. 33, issue 8, 2005, p. 685-688.
(16) R.W. Kolbe: “Fresh water diatoms from Atlantic deep-sea sediments”, Science, vol. 126, 1957, p. 1053.
(17) Malaise, Rene: ”Sjunket land i Atlanten”, Ymer, Stockholm, 1956.
(18) R.W. Kolbe: “Turbidity currents and displaced fresh water diatoms”, Science, vol. 127, 1958, p. 1504-1505.
(19) Pettersson, Hans: “The Ocean Floor”, p. 108, Yale University Press, New Haven 1954.
(20) Plato: “Critias”, 360 BC. Benjamin Jowetts translation, Random House, N.Y. 1937.
(21) Alexander Braghines: “The shadow of Atlantis”. 1940.
(22) F.W. Farrar: “Families of Speech: Four Lectures Delivered Before the Royal Institution of Great Britain.” March 1869. Logmans, Green & co., 1870. Digitized Jan 29, 2007. 192 pages.
(23) Kenneth Katzner: “The languages of the World,” 2002, p. 58-59. Routledge.
(24) Marius Frandsen: “Atlantis – en realitet eller en utopi”,1969, p.31, Strubes, København, Denmark.
(25) Professor Anders Retzius in Smithsonian Report, 1859 p. 266.
(26) Professor Franz Unger: “Die versunkene Inseln Atlantis”, 1860, p. 18, W. Braumüller. Originally from the University of Michigan. Digitalized 29. March 2006.
(27) R. Cedric Leonard: “Pre-Platonic Writings Pertinent to Atlantis.” www.atlantisquest.com.
(28) Frank Joseph:”The Atlantis Encyclopaedia”, p. 127, 2005, Career Press, NJ 07417, USA, 2005.
Copyright: Carsten Skaarup